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Cellular genomics

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Studies of the transcriptome rarely take into account the structural context within a living cell. In the August 2 Science, Levsky et al. describe a sophisticated approach that monitors mRNA synthesis of multiple genes within single cells (Science 2002, 297:836-840). They prepared oligomer DNA probes each tagged with a distinct fluorophore and combined them to create gene-specific spectral barcodes. They used these probes to follow the transcription of 11 genes in starved and serum-stimulated cells by FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridisation). They were able to measure expression in terms of signal intensity and the number of transcribed alleles. Some genes showed strong co-regulation, implying similar regulatory mechanisms. Comparison with microarray data ('FISH and Chips') highlighted the differences between single-cell recordings and global measurements of entire cell populations, and differences between the rate of transcription and the abundance of mRNA.

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Weitzman, J.B. Cellular genomics. Genome Biol 3, spotlight-20020807-01 (2002) doi:10.1186/gb-spotlight-20020807-01

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Keywords

  • Signal Intensity
  • Oligomer
  • Single Cell
  • Regulatory Mechanism
  • Microarray Data