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Dendritic cell function

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Dendritic cells are antigen-presenting cells that play a critical role in linking the innate and the adaptive immune systems. In the September issue of Nature Immunology, Francesca Granucci and colleagues at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy, report the results of an oligonucleotide microarray screen to identify genes regulated in dendritic cells following activation by Gram-negative bacteria (Nature Immunology 2001, 2:882-888). They analysed the transcriptome of the dendritic cell-line D1 at several time points after activation with bacteria. Their analysis identified changes in a large number of genes, including genes implicated in inflammation, apoptosis, signal transduction and transcription. Also, Granucci et al. observed an induction of interleukin 2 (IL-2) mRNA at early time points (4-6 hours) and confirmed the importance of dendritic cell-derived IL-2 using bone marrow dendritic-cells from IL-2-/- knockout mice. These results provide a molecular clue to explain the priming of naive T cells by dendritic cells during the immune response.

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    Dendritic cells and the control of immunity

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    University of Milano-Bicocca , [http://www.unimib.it]

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Weitzman, J.B. Dendritic cell function. Genome Biol 2, spotlight-20010905-01 (2001) doi:10.1186/gb-spotlight-20010905-01

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Keywords

  • Bone Marrow
  • Immune Response
  • Immune System
  • Signal Transduction
  • Dendritic Cell