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Myotonic expansion

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Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is the most common form of adult muscular dystrophy. DM Type 1 caused by expansion of a CTG repeat in the 3' untranslated region of the dystrophia myotonica-protein kinase (DMPK) gene. In the August 3 Science, Christina Liquori and colleagues from the University of Minnesota report that DM2 is also caused by microsatellite expansion in non-coding sequences (Science 2001, 293:864-867). While characterizing the DM2 locus on chromosome 13q21, Liquori et al. discovered an expansion ranging from 10 to 48 kilobases in DM2 patients. The expansions consisted of 75-11,000 CCTG repeats. The expansion lies within intron 1 of the zinc finger protein 9 (ZNF9) gene. It will be important to understand how both these microsatellite repeat expansions contribute to the pathology of DM diseases.

References

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    Dystrophia Myotonica 1, [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/dispomim.cgi?id=160900]

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    Myotonic dystrophy mutation: an unstable CTG repeat in the 3' untranslated region of the gene

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    An unstable triplet repeat in a gene related to myotonic muscular dystrophy.

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    Science, [http://www.sciencemag.org]

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    University of Minnesota , [http://www.umn.edu/]

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    Dystrophia Myotonica 2, [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/dispomim.cgi?id=602668]

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    Identification of a zinc finger protein that binds to the sterol regulatory element.

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Keywords

  • Zinc
  • Untranslated Region
  • Zinc Finger
  • Chromosome 13q21
  • Muscular Dystrophy