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Uniparental disomy in ES cells
Genome Biology volume 2, Article number: spotlight-20010307-01 (2001)
Homozygous mutant cells can be generated from embryonic stem (ES) cells with a single insertion of a drug-resistance marker by increasing the concentration of the selection drug. In the March Nature Genetics, Lefebvre et al. report analysis of the mechanism governing this loss of heterozygosity (LOH) (Nature Genetics 2001, 27:257-258). They used an ES cell line resulting from a cross between two different inbred mouse 129 substrains which could be distinguished by single sequence-length polymorphisms (SSLP). Lefebvre et al. studied six different nemomycin-resistance (neo) gene insertions following selection with high doses of the drug G418. They found that in all cases homozygous cells exhibited extensive LOH, even at markers 16-66 cM from the neo insertion site. The mechanism of LOH therefore appears to involve chromosome loss and duplication, generating regions of uniparental disomy(UDP). Such UDP may affect the expression of imprinted genes on the duplicated chromosome. These observations may complicate functional analysis, but can also be exploited to screen for recessive phenotypes.
Production of homozygous mutant ES cells with a single targeting construct.
Nature Genetics, [http://genetics.nature.com]
Derivation of completely cell culture-derived mice from early-passage embryonic stem cells.
Genealogies of mouse inbred strains.
Mechanisms leading to uniparental disomy and their clinical consequences.
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Weitzman, J.B. Uniparental disomy in ES cells. Genome Biol 2, spotlight-20010307-01 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-spotlight-20010307-01