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Sticky switches

The binding interface between human growth hormone (hGH) and the hGH receptor has a well-defined hydrophobic core. In the 16 June Science , Guo et al. replace two residues from this region (a threonine from hGH and a tryptophan from the hGH receptor) with glycines to create a cavity. They then screen a library of around 200 indole-based compounds and find one that can restore the binding of the two mutated proteins (Science 2000, 288:2042-2045). The 1000-fold increase in binding affinity in the presence of the chemical constitutes a switch that may ultimately find applications in vivo.

References

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    A hot spot of binding energy in a hormone-receptor interface.

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    Science magazine, [http://www.sciencemag.org/]

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Wells, W. Sticky switches. Genome Biol 1, spotlight-20000621-02 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-spotlight-20000621-02

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Keywords

  • Glycine
  • Growth Hormone
  • Tryptophan
  • Binding Affinity
  • Threonine