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Fig. 1 | Genome Biology

Fig. 1

From: PAGA: graph abstraction reconciles clustering with trajectory inference through a topology preserving map of single cells

Fig. 1

Partition-based graph abstraction generates a topology-preserving map of single cells. High-dimensional gene expression data is represented as a kNN graph by choosing a suitable low-dimensional representation and an associated distance metric for computing neighborhood relations—in most of the paper, we use PCA-based representations and Euclidean distance. The kNN graph is partitioned at a desired resolution where partitions represent groups of connected cells. For this, we usually use the Louvain algorithm, however, partitions can be obtained in any other way, too. A PAGA graph is obtained by associating a node with each partition and connecting each node by weighted edges that represent a statistical measure of connectivity between partitions, which we introduce in the present paper. By discarding spurious edges with low weights, PAGA graphs reveal the denoised topology of the data at a chosen resolution and reveal its connected and disconnected regions. Combining high-confidence paths in the PAGA graph with a random-walk-based distance measure on the single-cell graph, we order cells within each partition according to their distance from a root cell. A PAGA path then averages all single-cell paths that pass through the corresponding groups of cells. This allows to trace gene expression changes along complex trajectories at single-cell resolution

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