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Fig. 2 | Genome Biology

Fig. 2

From: Understanding tumor ecosystems by single-cell sequencing: promises and limitations

Fig. 2

Spatial heterogeneity of tumors. A tumor is a complex ecosystem composed of various cell types which show heterogeneous spatial distributions. The cell types within a tumor generally contain cancer cell clones, normal cells that have not been transformed, stromal cells, immune cells, and endothelial cells. Because of the spatial heterogeneity, bulk sequencing from a specific specimen will produce an average signal of thousands of cells with unknown composition, which forms a hidden confounding factor that interferes with the interpretations of cancer research and diagnosis. Single-cell sequencing inherently has the power to dissect the cellular composition of tissues, providing a powerful tool to advance cancer studies

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