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Open Access

Between a chicken and a grape: estimating the number of human genes

  • Mihaela Pertea1 and
  • Steven L Salzberg2
Genome Biology201011(Suppl 1):I1

Published: 11 October 2010


Genome SequenceHuman GenomeHuman GeneMammalian SpeciesGenetic Code

Ever since the discovery of the genetic code, scientists have been trying to catalog all the genes in the human genome. Over the years, the best estimate of the number of human genes has grown steadily smaller, but we still do not have an accurate count. Many expected this question to be resolved with the publication of the human genome sequence in 2001, but estimates have continued to fluctuate since then, moving both up and down. Comparisons with other species show that nothing about the human gene count is exceptional, and it is not particularly different from other mammalian species. In this talk, I will review the history of efforts to establish the human gene count and explain the evidence behind the current best estimate of 22,333 genes.

Authors’ Affiliations

Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Maryland, USA
Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, USA


© Salzberg and Pertea; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.