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Table 1 Summary of MADS-box genes and their functions

From: A hitchhiker's guide to the MADS world of plants

Name and synonyms Type Group Organism Function
AGAMOUS (AG) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Stamen and carpel development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 15 (AGL15) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Flowering time determination
AGAMOUS-LIKE 23 (AGL23) Type I A. thaliana Female gametophyte development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 24 (AGL24) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Flowering time determination
AGAMOUS-LIKE 28 (AGL28) Type I A. thaliana Potentially flowering time determination
AGAMOUS-LIKE 37 (AGL37), PHERES1 Type I A. thaliana Seed development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 61 (AGL61), DIANA Type I A. thaliana Central cell development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 62 (AGL62) Type I A. thaliana Central cell development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 66 (AGL66) Type II MIKC* A. thaliana Pollen development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 80 (AGL80) Type I A. thaliana Central cell development
AGAMOUS-LIKE 104 (AGL104) Type II MIKC* A. thaliana Pollen development
APETALA1 (AP1) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Sepal and petal development
APETALA3 (AP3) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Petal and stamen development
ARABIDOPSIS BSISTER (ABS) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Endothelium development
ARG80 Type I NA Saccharomyces cerevisiae Arginine metabolism
CAULIFLOWER (CAL) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Floral meristem development
CerMADS2 Type II MIKCC Ceratopteris richardii NA
CerMADS3 Type II MIKCC C. richardii NA
CMADS1 Type II MIKCC C. richardii NA
DEFICIENS (DEF) Type II MIKCC Antirrhinum majus Petal and stamen development
FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Vernalization response
FRUITFULL (FUL) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Floral meristem development, fruit formation
GmSEP1 Type II MIKCC Glycine max Reproductive organ development
MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING 1 (MAF1) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Flowering time determination
MINICHROMOSOME MAINTENANCE 1 (MCM1) Type I NA S. cerevisiae Arginine metabolism, cell viability, mating, minichromosome maintenance, recombination, osmotolerance
MASAKO C1-C6 Type II MIKCC Rosa rugosa Stamen and carpel development
OsMADS22 Type II MIKCC Oryza sativa Plant hormone response
OsMADS47 Type II MIKCC O. sativa Plant hormone response
OsMADS50 Type II MIKCC O. sativa Flowering time determination
OsMADS58 Type II MIKCC O. sativa Floral meristem determination
OsMADS60 Type II MIKCC O. sativa NA
OsMADS88 Type I O. sativa NA
OsMADS99 Type I O. sativa NA
PISTILLATA (PI) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Petal and stamen development
PPM1 Type II MIKCC Physcomitrella patens NA
PpMADS1 Type II MIKCC P. patens NA
PPMC5 Type II MIKCC P. patens NA
SEPALLATA1-4 (SEP 1-4) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Floral organ development
SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR (SRF) Type I NA Homo sapiens Immediate-early response
SHATTERPROOF 1 (SHP1) and SHATTERPROOF 2 (SHP2) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Fruit dehiscence
SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Flowering time determination
SUPPRESSOR OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) Type II MIKCC A. thaliana Flowering time determination
VERNALISATION 1 (VRN1) Type II MIKCC Triticum aestivum Vernalization response
  1. For brevity, a processes or developmental context (rather than a specific function) is given that is controlled or specified by the corresponding MADS-domain transcription factor. NA, not applicable in 'group'; NA, information not available in 'function'.