Interaction subnetworks among gene products whose disruption causes cadmium/nickel sensitivity. Physical (110) and genetic (105) interactions were identified computationally using the Network Visualization System Osprey . Gene products are represented as nodes, shown as filled circles colored according to their Gene Ontology (GO) classification; interactions are represented as node-connecting edges, shown as lines, colored according to the type of experimental approach utilized to document interaction as specified in the BioGRID database  and in the Osprey reference manual. The nine identified subnetworks (a minimum of three interacting gene products sharing at least one GO biologic process annotation and connected by at least two physical or genetic interactions; see 'Materials and methods') are encircled and associated with a general function descriptor. Thirteen interacting gene products whose interaction or functional similarity features do not satisfy the above criterion are shown outside encircled subnetworks; genes without any reported interaction (or linked via essential genes, not addressed in this study) are shown at the bottom. Individual subnetworks were subjected to independent verification by serial dilution growth assays carried on at least two untagged strains of the opposite mating type (see 'Materials and methods'). sn., subnetwork.