Mice without rings
© BioMed Central Ltd 2000
Published: 16 November 2000
The Polycomb group (PcG) genes encode trans-acting regulators of homeotic gene expression patterns in Drosophila. Homologs of Drosophila PcG products have been identified in plants and mice. There is substantial biochemical evidence that the Ring1A protein is part of a mammalian multi-subunit PcG complex. It is, however, the only mammalian PcG gene for which there is no fly homolog identified and there is no proof of a PcG function for Ring1A. In the 2 November Development, Lorente et al. report the generation of loss- and gain-of-function alleles of murine RING1A to investigate its role in vivo (Development 2000, 127:5093-5100). Ring1A-/- knockout mice exhibit homeotic transformations and skeletal abnormalities. Lorente et al. report that Ring1A deficiency leads to anterior transformations, in contrast to the posterior effects of other PcG mutations in mice. Heterozygote Ring1A+/- animals show similar abnormalities, suggesting that dosage requirements for Ring1A are more critical than for other PcG genes. Finally, overexpression of Ring1A causes axial skeleton defects, showing the amount of Ring1A expression is important.
- The Polycomb and trithorax group proteins of Drosophila: trans-regulators of homeotic gene function.
- A Polycomb-group gene regulates homeotic gene expression in Arabidopsis.
- Functions of mammalian Polycomb group and trithorax group related genes.
- Development, [http://www.biologists.com/Development]