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Table 5 Association of foods and nutrients with gut microbiome composition

From: Gut microbiome composition in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is shaped by geographic relocation, environmental factors, and obesity

 16S Shannon indexPrevotella to Bacteroides ratioITS1 Shannon index
Beta (95% CI)Beta (95% CI)Beta (95% CI)
Whole grains− .0280 (− .0553, − .0006)0.0417 (0.0187, 0.0647)0.0219 (− .0068, 0.0505)
Grains− .0112 (− .0207, − .0016)0.0007 (− .0073, 0.0088)0.0016 (− .0083, 0.0116)
Legumes− .0467 (− .1392, 0.0457)0.0723 (− .0056, 0.1501)0.0382 (− .0579, 0.1344)
Whole fruit0.0237 (− .0172, 0.0646)0.0078 (− .0267, 0.0422)0.0366 (− .0061, 0.0794)
Vegetables (no potatoes)0.0100 (− .0377, 0.0576)0.0638 (0.0237, 0.1039)0.0527 (0.0032, 0.1023)
Sugar sweetened beverages− .0148 (− .0502, 0.0206)0.0151 (− .0147, 0.0449)−.0026 (− .0398, 0.0347)
Red and processed meat− .0042 (− .1168, 0.1084)− .1310 (− .2257, − .0364)−.0790 (− .1956, 0.0376)
Fiber− .0016 (− .0076, 0.0044)0.0044 (− .0007, 0.0094)0.0060 (− .0003, 0.0122)
Transfat0.0654 (− .0698, 0.2006)− .2413 (− .3546, − .1279)−.0484 (− .1897, 0.0928)
PUFA0.0071 (− .0327, 0.0469)− .0150 (− .0486, 0.0185)−.0001 (− .0417, 0.0415)
Alcohol0.0091 (− .0493, 0.0676)0.0014 (− .0478, 0.0507)0.0267 (− .0343, 0.0876)
  1. Models adjusted for age, sex, and field center. Italics indicate P<0.05. PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid
  2. Definitions of composite food group variables are described in Additional file 1: Table S2