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Table 1 Sequenced crop genomes with their estimated genome size, number of annotated genes and percentage of globally consumed kilocalories that they are responsible for

From: Evolution of plant genome architecture

Species Common name Genome size (Mbp) Number of annotated genes Genome multiplesa Percentage kcal production [104] Percentage genome capturedb Percentage transposon/repeatc References
Nelumbo nucifera Sacred lotus 929 26,685    86.5 57 [105]
Beta vulgaris Sugar beet 758 27,421   1.2 74.8 63 [106]
Solanum lycopersicum Tomato 900 34,727 36× 0.21 84.4 63.3 [107]
Solanum tuberosum Potato 844 39,031 72× 1.51 86 62.2 [108]
Solanum melongena Eggplant 1125 85,446 36× 0.07 74 70.4 [109]
Capsicum annum Pepper 3480 34,903 36× 0.14 87.9 76.4 [110]
Nicotiana benthamiana Tobacco 3000 ND    86.7 ND [107]
Vaccinium macrocarpon Cranberry 470 36,364   0.002 89.4 39.5b [111]
Actinidia chinensis Kiwifruit 758 39,040   0.005 81.3 36 [112]
Coffea canephora Coffee 710 25,574 24×   80 50b [113]
Vitis vinifera Grape 475 30,434   0.36 102.5 41.4 [114]
Populus trichocharpa Poplar 485 41,377    84.5 41 [115]
Linum usitatissimum Flax 350 43,384    81 24.3b [116]
Ricinus communis Castor bean 320 31,237    100 50 [117]
Manihot esculenta Cassava 742 30,666   2.05 70 36.9 [118]
Hevea brasiliensis Rubber tree 2150 68,955    51 78 [119]
Cucumis sativus Cucumber 367 26,682   0.04 70 24 [120]
Cucumis melo Melon 450 27,427   0.04 83.3 19.7b [121]
Citrullus lanatus Watermelon 425 23,440   0.11 83.2 45.2 [122]
Fragaria vesca Strawberry 240 34,809   0.009 95 22b [123]
Malus x domestica Apple 742 57,386 24× 0.22 81.3 38b [124]
Pyrus bretschneideri Pear 528 42,812   0.07 97.1 53.1 [125]
Cannabis sativa Cannabis 818–843 ND    65.1 ND [126]
Humulus lupulus Hops 2570 41,228    80 34.7b [127]
Ziziphus jujuba Jujube 440 32,808    98.6 49.5 [128]
Prunus persica Peach 265 27,582   0.06 84.8 18.6b [129]
Medicago truncatula Medicago 450 47,845 24×   54.6 31 [130]
Cicer arietinum Chickpea 738 28,269 24× 0.29 73.8 49.4 [131]
Lotus japonicus Lotus 472 30,799 24×   67 29.7b [132]
Glycine max Soybean 1100 46,430 48× 7.43 85 42b [133]
Cajanus cajan Pigeonpea 833 46,680 24× 0.11 72.7 51.67 [134]
Phaseolus vulgaris Common bean 587 27,197 24× 0.754 80.6 45b [135]
Vigna radiata Mung bean 579 22,427 24×   80 50.1 [136]
Lupinus angustifolius Lupin 1153 57,806    51.9 50 [137]
Gossypium raimondii Cotton 630–880 37,505 72× 1.6 ~100 61 [95]
Gossypium hirsutum Cotton 2400 76,943 144×   ~90 67.2 [96, 138]
Theobroma cacao Chocolate 430 28,798 12×   76 41.8b [139]
Citrus x clementina Orange 367 25,376   0.17 82.1 45 [140]
Carica papaya Papaya 372 28,629   0.02 73.8 41.9 [141]
Brassica rapa Chinese cabbage 468–516 41,174 144× 1 59 39.5 [142]
Brassica napus Oilseed rape 1130 101,040 288× 2.23 79 ND [143]
Brassica oleracea Vegetables 630 45,758 144×   85 38.8b [128]
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild radish 515 38,174    49.3 ND [144]
Phoenix dactylifera Date palm 658 28,890   0.08 60 ND [145]
Elaeis guineensis Oil palm 1800 34,802   5.09 85.3 50 [146]
Musa acuminata Diploid banana 523 36,542 64× 0.41 90 32 [147]
Oryza sativa Asian rice 389 37,544 32× 17.2 95 35 [51]
Oryza glaberrima African rice 358 33,164 32×   88.3 34.3 [148]
Hordeum vulgare Barley 5100 26,159 32× 3.23 37.3 84 [149]
Triticum aestivum Wheat 17,000 124,201 96× 15.98 60 76.6 [150]
Zea mays Maize 2500 32,540 64× 23.56 81.9 85 [151]
Sorghum bicolor Sorghum 730 34,496 32× 1.99 89.7 61 [152]
Setaria italica Foxtail millet 490 38,801 32× 1.01 86 46 [153]
Eragrostis tef Tef 772 ND 64×   87 14b [154]
  1. aReported whole-genome doublings from base of angiosperms as reported in [155] and inferred from phylogenetic position. bAs determined from the amount of sequence represented in the assembly compared to estimated genome size. For some species, these percentages were reported in the referenced articles, whereas for others we calculated the percentages using genome size estimates from articles in which sequences were published or from public databases. cThese percentages are likely to be underestimates. Abbreviations: ND No data/data not reported