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Table 3 Detoxification enzymes and related genes

From: The genomes of two key bumblebee species with primitive eusocial organization

Gene family Clade/Class/Clan B. imp. B. ter. A. mel. A. flo. P. bar. N. vit. T. cas. D. mel.
GSTs Delta 5 5 4 4 - 4 - -
Epsilon 0 0 0 0 - 0 - -
Omega 2 2 2 2 - 2 - -
Sigma 4 4 4 4 - 8 - -
Theta 1 1 1 1 - 3 - -
Zeta 1 1 1 1 - 1 - -
Total GSTs 13 13 12 12 - 18 - -
CCEs A (DD) 3 3 5 5 - 10 - -
B (DD) 2 2 3 3 - 6 - -
C (DD) 0 0 0 0 - 0 - -
D (HSP) 3 3 1 2 - 5 - -
E (HSP) 3 3 2 2 - 12 - -
F (HSP) 2 2 2 2 - 2 - -
G (HSP) 0 0 0 0 - 0 - -
H (NDCA) 1 1 1 1 - 1 - -
I (NDCA) 1 1 1 1 - 1 - -
J (NDCA) 2 2 2 2 - 2 - -
K (NDCA) 1 1 1 1 - 1 - -
L (NDCA) 5 5 5 5 - 5 - -
M (NDCA) 1 1 1 1 - 1 - -
Total CCEs 24 24 24 25 - 46 - -
P450s CYP3 27 27 28 - 40 49 65 36
CYP4 4 4 4 - 18 29 41 32
CYP2 7 7 8 - 7 7 8 6
Mitochondrial 6 6 6 - 7 7 9 11
Total P450s 44 44 46 - 72 92 123 85
  1. Gene counts of glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs), esterases (CCEs), and P450s among selected holometabolous insect genomes.
  2. A. flo = Apis florea, A. mel = Apis mellifera, B. imp = Bombus impatiens, B. ter = Bombus terrestris, D. mel = Drosophila melanogaster, DD = Dietary and detoxification, HSP = hormone and semiocheical processing, N. vit = Nasonia vitripennis, NDCA = Neuro-developmental and cell adhesion, P. bar = Pogonomyrmex barbatus, T. cas = Tribolium castaneum.
  3. - = species not included in particular analysis.