Environmental scope index versus maximal co-habitation score. The size of dots corresponds to duplication time - larger size corresponds to longer duplication time and slower growth rate. The color of dots corresponds to their ecological habitat (Additional data file 1): red, obligatory host-associated; green, specialized; blue, aquatic; black, host-associated (non-obligatory); orange, multiple; brown, terrestrial. DT, duplication time; BL, bottom left (47 species); BR, bottom right (10 species); TL, top left (16 species); TR, top right (40 species). The plot is divided according to median values of the axes.