Multidimensional scaling (MDS) of Q normalized data before and after AGC correction. MDS was performed using 1,137 healthy in vivo samples representing 15 tissue categories with 7,390 genes in common without missing values. Color codes show the array generation of each sample for panles on the left-hand side and the high level anatomical system from which samples originate for panels on the right-hand side. (a, b) Clustering of samples in Q normalized data without AGC correction. (a) Clustering driven dominantly by the array generations, but some biological division can be seen in the form of some division within the large clusters. (b) Several tissue classes are separated into two or more clusters due to the different array generation of origin. (c, d) After QAGC, array generations no longer define clusters (c) but instead tissue types form distinct clusters (d).