Synthetic lethal phenotypes of the homologous transcription factors tbx-8 and tbx-9. Recently hatched L1 larvae or an arrested embryo are shown for (a) wild-type, (b) tbx-9(RNAi), (c) tbx-8(ok656), and (d, e) tbx-8(ok656); tbx-9(RNAi). Panels (b) to (e) reflect the increasing severity of the phenotype, with (b) and (c) providing examples of the posterior morphological defects observed at low frequency after disruption of tbx-8 or tbx-9. (d, e) Examples of the severe morphological defects observed at high frequency after disruption of both tbx-8 and tbx-9; (d) shows an individual that has hatched but will arrest as a larva, and (e) shows an embryo that has arrested before hatching (embryonic lethal). The anterior is cropped in (b) and (c). The scale bar in (a) equals 10 μm and applies to (a-e).