A process to generate a comprehensive transcript index (CTI) for the human genome. The first step is the assembly of a comprehensive set of annotations to generate a predicted transcript index (PTI). Sets of microarrays capable of monitoring the transcription activity over the entire genome can then be designed on the basis of the PTI. The different microarray types that can be used in this process include predicted transcript arrays (PTA), exon junction arrays (EJA)  and genome tiling arrays (GTA). After hybridizing a diversity of conditions onto these arrays, the transcription data are processed to identify a comprehensive set of transcripts (the CTI) and associated probes that are capable of querying all forms of transcripts that may exist in the genome. This set of probes comprises a focused set of microarrays that can be used in more standard microarray-based experiments.