Evolution caught in the act
© BioMed Central Ltd 2001
Published: 08 January 2001
Duplication, deletion and mutation have created a new gene, denoted Sdic, that encodes a fly sperm axoneme protein. Sdic is present in the fly Drosophila melanogaster, but not in its close relative Drosophila simulans. In the 5 January Science, Nurminsky et al. find evidence for a selective sweep around Sdic in D. melanogaster (Science 2001, 291:128-130). D. melanogaster DNA has a significant depression in the level of synonymous polymorphism around Sdic, and an increase in the occurrence of rare alleles, including singletons. In contrast, D. simulans DNA has a smooth distribution of polymorphisms in the equivalent region. The pattern in D. melanogaster suggests that strong selection and evolution is ongoing, displacing linked polymorphisms in the process. A similar analysis may be useful for identifying the locations of other recently selected genes.
- Selective sweep of a newly evolved sperm-specific gene in Drosophila.
- Science, [http://www.sciencemag.org/]
- The hitch-hiking effect of a favourable gene.